What is ADHD?
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – ADHD for short – is listed as a mental disorder by the Federal Ministry of Health. About 2-6% of all children and adolescents suffer from ADHD. are characteristic of ADHD hyperactivity (excessive need to move), inattention (reduced ability to concentrate) e impulsive (imprudent action).
To correctly diagnose ADHD, the abnormalities must appear over a longer period of time and in different areas of the child’s life. Diagnosis and treatment are made after a differentiated examination by a doctor or psychotherapist.
Adults can also have ADHD
ADHD doesn’t just affect children, adults can also have the syndrome. ADHD was diagnosed in childhood or at a later time. Reduced alertness can be seen in all adults with ADHD. Hyperactivity and impulsivity, very pronounced in children and adolescents, decrease in adulthood. Instead, adults with ADHD are restless and more erratic than other people.
ADHD can make people’s professional and personal lives difficult. Those affected have problems joining structures. For example, they forget appointments, miss deadlines, or have difficulty concentrating on work.
Symptoms of ADHD in Adults
In adults, ADHD manifests itself through the following symptoms:
- Decreased performance: Lack of attention, inconsistent work, or forgetfulness of homework are typical behavioral patterns of adults with ADHD.
- Emotional lability: Adults with ADHD suffer from severe mood swings, are prone to depressive moods and make erratic decisions.
- Impulsive behavior: ADHD sufferers often act spontaneously, talk a lot, and interrupt others in conversation.
- Stress intolerance: Those affected do not cope well with stress and cannot cope with the pressure. Low stress tolerance is expressed, among other things, by problems falling asleep or an exaggerated need for rest when overwhelmed.
- Disturbed social behavior: Adults with ADHD find it difficult to follow rules (eg, drive), cross borders with others, and are socially isolated.
- Problems in the organization of daily life: ADHD sufferers often find it difficult to keep their lives in order. They miss or forget things, show up late for appointments, or have difficulty doing housework.
- Low self-esteem
- avoidance behavior
- addiction problems
The differences between the sexes are recognizable, but there is no scientific evidence to prove this for sure.
Women with ADHD are more likely to have the following characteristics:
- Chaotic thinking and acting
- Problems with structuring and planned action
- mood swings
Men have the following problems:
- Strong inner restlessness and nervousness
- Problems with teamwork
- Quick distraction
Causes of ADHD
In patients with ADHD, the brain regions that are crucial for behavioral control and attention are particularly affected. In ADHD, the messenger substances (neurotransmitters) in the brain are out of balance. The main cause of ADHD is genetics. In addition, environmental influences such as premature birth, birth complications or drug and nicotine consumption during pregnancy play an important role.
Treatment options for ADHD in adults
There are various non-drug and drug therapies used to treat ADHD in adults. Which therapeutic method makes the most sense depends on the individual and the symptoms. Those affected should therefore seek comprehensive advice from their doctor. If you are in severe pain, medications can relieve symptoms. Medicines are often used in conjunction with other therapeutic options such as psychotherapy. Using behavior therapy, adults with ADHD learn to carefully change their thinking and behavior patterns.
Sources: bundesgesundheitsminister.de, adhs.info, adhs-ratgeber.com