Meat-eating disease: necrotizing fasciitis
Among the carnivorous bacteria is the necrotizing fasciitis In addition, a rare infection of the subcutaneous tissue and fascia. The disease is triggered by various bacteria, including group A streptococci, Vibrio vulnificus, staphylococci, coliform bacteria, clostridia, Klebsiella and Aeromonas hydrophila. The most common cause is therefore streptococcus A. The bacteria infect the fascia surrounding muscles, nerves, fat and blood vessels in the body. This also damages this tissue. Some bacteria also produce toxins that further destroy the tissue, causing it to die. Necrotizing fasciitis can quickly become life-threatening and, if left untreated, can lead to death.
Where are the bacteria found?
Bacteria, such as Vibrio vulnificus, are found in estuaries, brackish pools and coastal areas and can even enter the body by eating oysters. Group A streptococci can be found on human skin and in the throat, where they normally cause no harm.
How does one get infected?
The most common way they enter the body is through minor skin lesions such as cuts, punctures, or scrapes. However, there have also been cases where people have been infected by eating oysters.
Necrotizing fasciitis: Symptoms of meat-eating sickness
The signs of necrotizing fasciitis usually appear very quickly, within a few hours, usually after a cut. Subsequently, the following diseases appear:
- Severe pain in the affected areas with swelling
- In the center of the infection, the skin becomes bluish-red, then bluish-gray.
- The skin is overheated and covered with blisters filled with light to dark red fluid.
- Development of shock, manifested by impaired consciousness, confusion, difficulty concentrating, cold sweats and dizziness.
Treatment of the disease of meat consumption
The goal is to remove the bacteria from the body as quickly as possible and stop the progression of the disease. Infectious disease is treated with antibiotics and surgery to provide oxygen, as bacteria multiply and spread in an anaerobic, i.e., oxygen-free environment. When exposed to oxygen, they die. In order for wounds to heal faster, the damaged tissue is surgically removed. In some cases, amputation is necessary to prevent it from spreading throughout the body. Since the course of necrotizing fasciitis can quickly become life-threatening, treatment of the disease should be started as soon as possible.