What is conjunctivitis?
With conjunctivitis, the thin lining of the eye that lines the inside of the eyelids becomes inflamed. It protects the eye from pathogens, contributes to the tear film and moistens the eye.
When the conjunctiva is inflamed, there are various possible causes. It’s a infectious conjunctivitis, this is contagious. Germs are transmitted, for example, through hands, shared towels or droplets when talking. Not infectious instead they are allergic conjunctivitis caused, for example, by hay fever.
Even external influences such as Irritation from dust, dry air or chlorinated water can cause conjunctivitis.
Conjunctivitis can affect adults, children and infants. In adults, viruses are usually the trigger, in children it is mainly bacteria. Rarely are parasites or fungi the trigger.
Symptoms and treatment of conjunctivitis:
- red and swollen eyes
- burning, itchy, watery and sometimes sticky eyes
- foreign body sensation in the eye
- The eyes are sensitive to light
If you suspect conjunctivitis, you should definitely consult an ophthalmologist. It is possible that serious diseases could be responsible for the inflammation, which in the long term weakens vision. Your ophthalmologist will thoroughly examine your eyes and eyelids. A swab of the conjunctiva can help identify the pathogen. For bacterial conjunctivitis, eye drops or eye ointments containing antibiotics may be prescribed. Conjunctivitis usually heals quickly after a few days.
Home remedies for conjunctivitis
Natural home remedies can provide relief from conjunctivitis. Discuss the use of any home remedies with a doctor first.
A cold quark pad has a cooling and anti-inflammatory effect. But be careful and make sure the quark doesn’t enter your eyes directly. Take a clean, damp cotton cloth and spread a finger-thick layer of quark. Wrap the ends of the cloth in a package and place the quark side over the closed eye.
A common tip is to wash with chamomile. However, ophthalmologists advise against it, as it can lead to allergic reactions that also irritate the eyes.
Euphrasia (Euphrasia) is a well-known medicinal plant that lives up to its name and whose positive effects have been proven in studies. Euphrasia is anti-inflammatory, well tolerated and can be used in the form of eye drops at the pharmacy or as a compress. To do this, add two teaspoons of the eyebright herb to 250 milliliters of boiling water. Leave to infuse and cool the infusion for a few minutes. Then filter it through a coffee filter, soak it with a clean cotton cloth, fold it and place it on the closed eye for about ten minutes.
3. Sterile saline solution
If you wake up in the morning with sticky eyes, clean your eyes with sterile saline from the pharmacy. Dip a cotton ball into the solution and gently wipe over the eyelids.
4. Refreshing cucumber slices
Cucumber slices are not only popular for face masks, you can also use the vegetable for conjunctivitis. The discs have an anti-inflammatory effect and have a pleasant cooling effect. The swelling around the eyes decreases. It is best to use organically grown cucumbers.