When we have a cold, we usually suffer from a runny or blocked nose. But also those related to the nose and throat cavity of the cranial bone it can be affected by excessive secretion or constipation. If the corresponding cold viruses or bacteria from the nose enter our sinuses, they can trigger acute inflammation there. Sinusitis of this type usually heals on its own within a few weeks. For a period of 3 months there has been talk of chronic sinusitis.
Sinusitis: causes and symptoms
In most cases, a sinus infection is due to a cold or viral flu. Bacteria are rarely responsible for this. In both cases, the pathogens cause inflammation of the nose, throat and sinuses, causing swelling of the mucous membranes, the secretion becomes thicker and becomes yellowish-green. The following symptoms are typical of sinusitis:
- stuffy nose,
- difficult breathing,
- decreased sense of smell,
- feeling of pressure in the face,
- viscous, greenish-yellow discharge in the nasopharynx.
4 tips and home remedies for sinusitis
Since most sinus infections are caused by cold or flu viruses, antibiotics are only effective in rare cases if the cause is bacterial. As a rule, you need to avoid sinusitis in a classic way and support your body in the fight against the pathogen or infection with the usual measures. This includes a high fluid intake, a healthy diet with fruits and vegetables, easy walks in the fresh air, physical protection, plenty of sleep, and not consuming stimulants such as alcohol, cigarettes, sweets or fast food. Additionally, the following tips and home remedies can help.
1. nasal sprays
A distinction should be made between cortisone-containing agents and purely decongestant nasal sprays. On occasion decongestant sprays o the drops clear the nose for a short time and thus reduce the level of suffering, do not fight the underlying inflammation. Also, decongestants should not be used for more than a week, as this has the opposite effect and causes the nasal mucous membranes to swell again. Indicated for the causal treatment of acute and chronic sinusitis cortisone nasal sprays, as they actively fight inflammation. However, they don’t affect everyone equally.
2. Nasal irrigation and inhalation
Although the effect of nasal sprays has been proven, the data on home remedies such as nasal douches or inhalation are not as clear. However, a systematic review showed mitigating effects of Nasal rinses with a saline solution for upper respiratory infections. The saline solution can be purchased ready-made at the pharmacy or you can mix it yourself with table salt (two to a maximum of five teaspoons of salt in a liter of water). Likewise, inhaling water vapor can help some people. However, there is not enough scientific evidence for the home remedy. Even with most herbal remedies or drugstore-recommended combination preparations, there is no evidence of efficacy in sinus infections or only a few convincing data.
3. Medical examination for chronic sinusitis
If the typical symptoms of a sinus infection persist for several weeks and no relief is seen, you should definitely see a doctor you trust to be treated professionally and prevent sinusitis from becoming chronic. In addition to nasal sprays containing cortisone, modern treatment options include monoclonal antibodies (dupilumab) and operations to widen constrictions or remove nasal polyps.